I’ve blogged before about this on Flickr years ago, using some family photos which belonged to my mum. The Health Service is quite important in our family, there are many nurses and healthcare workers in the ranks. This was particularly true for her – she was involved from the start at the sharp end before the NHS even existed. This is mostly about her and for her, because I’m proud of what she did and how she did it, and it’s an important facet of the family story, how one generation helps form the next.

Grace Margaret Parr was born in a two-up two-down in Cowper Road in Cambridge, she was working-class, from a long line of very working class Cambridge poor. Her father Percy had escaped the mostly inevitable male jobs for his class, avoiding agricultural work or building the railways. He Joined the Cambridge Militia at 15, and The Cambridge Suffolks (4th Battalion)  before transferring fairly quickly to the Royal Fusiliers, he spent the turn of the century in Khartoum in the Sudan, finally leaving the army and joining the Reserve in 1907. Percy by then a bricklayer and labourer, married my Nan Jesse Northrop the same year. He then got a job as a coal carman, Jesse was in a service with a local family, a maid. They weren’t quick to have children, but had three close together, Thomas, William and my mother all within three years. William, so the story goes died the day my mother was born, this barely a fortnight after the outbreak of what would become known as the Great War.

Her dad was called from the Fusiliers’ Reserve at some point prior to 1917, survived for a few months before being killed near Messines in Western Flanders in June 1917. She had only one memory of him, a big man in uniform singing to her and bouncing her on his knee. Her mother eventually remarried Alf Ireton, himself a veteran – another working class man, a woodsman – digging and clearing ditches in the surrounding fens and woods. They had two more children Alfred and Arthur. Alf bought Tom and Grace up as his own. At 14 Grace left the local school, I suspect she was probably a truculent and straight-talking teenager if the adult is any measure of the child. She was told by her parents that they had found her a place in service, she insisted them she was going to be a nurse. This might not seem odd these days, nursing is a profession we have become used to seeing as an option regardless of background; in the early 20th century it wasn’t, it was much more the preserve of the upper and middle class, it cost money to train – but she had a plan. She set to work at Eaden Lilley the haberdashers in Cambridge and saved, and saved and saved. Once she had enough she set of to the Lowestoft Hospital with enough money for her uniform, her books and fees. She enrolled, trained on and eventually achieved her Midders, making her I believe an SEM.

page 01So we have a working class midwife in the 1930s. It seems from what I can glean that she moved to London, there is evidence of Kensington being one port of call, but more importantly she worked in Leyton, Hackney and Walthamstow; important for two reasons. Firstly she met my dad who came from Leyton and secondly because this is where she saw the realities of health for the working class, how the poor were treated first-hand over and above her own experiences as a working class child in Cambridge, a child with Scoliosis who’d been strapped to a board for months at the age of 7 or 8.

It becomes apparent that we are dealing with a different set of principles compared to either “Call the Midwife” or now. It’s not a subject that she needed pressing on, a talkative soul at the best of times, she had to deal with people who had not had any healthcare up to the point of delivery, often living in squalid, unsanitary, cold, damp, and cramped conditions in the maze of streets in the East End of London.

Regularly she’d arrive and there would be a problem, women who were presenting breach, or delivering twins where nobody actually knew about until she arrived and told them. I well remember her books too, the appalling photos and illustrations of what could go wrong and how to deal with it which scared the living daylights out of me as a child; how to deliver a baby for a women with syphilis, how to deal with still births and birth defects. Delivery without equipment over and above what you could carry in a bike basket with all the dangers and most horrifying of all, a bill from the doctor or hospital at the end – often a bill that nobody could afford, and she’d play down elements of what she’d done to cut off costs.

She died in 2003, as a result my sister talked about her experiences briefly on “Before the NHS” on Channel 4 last year, you can see the excerpt here, they got her name wrong which was a slightly annoying slip, but it at least gets over what the problems were and the three programmes were good, because they outline exactly what life was like before we had a National Health Service, for the poor, the marginalised and the sick, disabled, and elderly. This in an age where the rich could afford what they needed and the poor could whistle for it an age we could see returning if the Conservatives and their vested interest in profit from healthcare get their way.

She went on to train as a Nurse and in between having children and moving around a lot with my dad who was in the RAF continued to dip in and out of working for the NHS and healthcare for the rest of her life – she was proud of it too. I was born in one of the hospitals she worked in while they were stationed at RAF Stanmore, Edgware General, remarkable in itself as we were what I believe is termed a geriatric birth, she was 51, I was conceived of Guinness and lazyness apparently, there are worse ways to be made. I suspect my late arrival may have been considerably more difficult had it been 30 years earlier or indeed in 20 years time the way things are moving.

page 5_1I suddenly realised earlier my mum would be angry about the way things are changing: We now live under a Tory-led coalition government with no mandate to do what they are doing to services. They are at the controls of the current blistering series of attacks on the NHS ‘failures’ with the Right-wing media including political editors at the BBC almost entirely in cahoots. Cameron’s ring-fencing of the NHS is pretty much a bare-faced lie, the money may be there, but front-line staff levels have dropped dramatically, beds and A&E have been cut, whilst accountants and managers are paid to prepare the service for carving up. You only have to look at the number of government ministers and MPs who have interests in private medical companies to see where this is going. It is also worth knowing that the policy of Post-Thatcherite privatisation is to “sell abroad”, making renationalisation much more problematic. Labour are by no means blameless in this either; the effect of PFIs (Private Finance Initiatives) owning our hospitals and renting them back to us whilst pocketing the immense profits funded by the tax payer.

Doubtless some people will read this and say what about the cuts? think on; the NHS was created at a time when we had far worse debts than we do now, including war loans, in a country that with damaged infrastructure. The creation of the  NHS is one of Britain and us as a nations most commendable acts; free healthcare for all at source, no matter who you are or how much you earn. As for the cost of it, if we need to save money sack some accountants and middle management and negotiate our hospitals back out of the PFI penury, tax teh bankers who we gifted so much to. Anything rather than the hideous and ultimately vastly more expensive US system getting a foothold. We need to protect what we have before we don’t have it anymore, before we end up back in the 1930s with healthcare limited to those who can afford the insurance and charitable foundations or sickness and death for those that can’t.

You can see the clip about her here.


© Nick Stone - Before the NHS, Midwife Grace Stone (Nee Parr) holding baby, London 1930s

You can read about her other half here. And more about here and her mum here.